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Träfflista för sökning "hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Gastroenterologi) srt2:(1990-1999);srt2:(1995)"

Sökning: hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Gastroenterologi) > (1990-1999) > (1995)

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  • Hertervig, Erik, et al. (författare)
  • Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies in chronic inflammatory bowel disease. Prevalence and diagnostic role
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology. - : Taylor & Francis. - 1502-7708 .- 0036-5521. ; 30:7, s. 693-698
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA), originally found to be associated with vasculitis, have been reported to be present in chronic inflammatory bowel disease. Most often the ANCA staining pattern is of the perinuclear type (p-ANCA), although nuclear and cytoplasmic stainings are seen. Single studies have shown some of the antibodies to react with lactoferrin or cathepsin G; however, most studies have not been able to determine a main antigenic specificity. We studied the prevalence of ANCA in sera from 155 patients with ulcerative colitis, 128 patients with Crohn's disease, and 51 patients with coeliac disease. The presence of ANCA was correlated to disease activity, extent, and age of onset of the diseases. Furthermore, we tried to characterize the antigen specificity by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), using elastase, lactoferrin, myeloperoxidase, proteinase 3, and cathepsin G as antigens. METHODS: The sera were screened for ANCA by indirect immunofluorescence. Anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA) were analysed on HEp2 cells, and ELISA for specific ANCA was performed using the antigens mentioned. RESULTS: Most of the sera with positive immunofluorescence had the p-ANCA type of pattern. Seventy-eight of 155 (50.3%) of the patients with ulcerative colitis were ANCA-positive, compared with 31 of 128 (24.2%) of patients with Crohn's disease (p < 0.001). However, in the subgroup with Crohn's colitis, 16 of 44 (36.4%) were ANCA-positive. Only 4 of 51 patients (7.7%) with coeliac disease showed positive immunofluorescence (p < 0.001 compared with ulcerative colitis). Less than 10% of the samples were positive in the specific ELISA assays; thus other than the most well known granule proteins can be the target for ANCA in ulcerative colitis. CONCLUSION: ANCA occur significantly more often in ulcerative colitis than in Crohn's disease. However, the prevalence of ANCA is rather high in Crohn's colitis. ANCA are thus of limited value in differentiating Crohn's colitis from ulcerative colitis. ANCA found in inflammatory bowel disease are different from those associated with vasculitis. The antigen(s) responsible remain to be determined.
  • Liu, D. L, et al. (författare)
  • Intra-operative laser-induced photodynamic therapy in the treatment of experimental hepatic tumours
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepathology. - : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1473-5687. ; 7:11, s. 1073-1080
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To examine the effect of photodynamic therapy (PDT) on experimental liver tumours in rats. Design: An experimental liver tumour model was used. Each of a group of Fats had two tumours simultaneously inoculated into its liver. The tumour located in the left hepatic robe was used for PDT, and the other one, in the median lobe, as a control. The haem precursor delta-amino laevulinic acid (ALA), at a dose of 30 mg/kg body weight, was injected 60 min before laser irradiation. Rats in group I received ALA through a femoral vein. Those in group II received ALA through the portal vein. Group III had an injection of ALA solution through the portal vein plus hepatic inflow occlusion. Three and 6 days after the treatment, the rats were killed, and the tumours were measured, and ultrastructural changes were examined using scanning electron microscopy. Setting: Lund University Medical Laser Centre, Lund, Sweden. Results: The mean tumour volume of the treated tumours increased by factors of 1.9, 1.5 and 1.7 in groups I, II and III, respectively, compared with the pretreatment baseline value. However, the mean tumour volume in the control tumours increased by factors of 9.5, 4.3 and 4.8 in the respective groups. Under the light microscope, marked necrosis of the treated tumour and the surrounding liver tissue was observed. Scanning electron microscopy revealed heavy damage to the cells and vessels in the treated tumour. Conclusion: PDT with ALA is an effective treatment modality for rat liver tumours.
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