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Träfflista för sökning "hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Kardiologi) srt2:(1980-1984)"

Sökning: hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Kardiologi) > (1980-1984)

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1.
  • Eriksson, Peter (författare)
  • Cardiac involvement in familial amyloidosis with polyneuropathy
  • 1984
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt/konstnärligt)abstract
    • Familial amyloidosis with polyneuropathy (FAP) is a neuropathic form of heredofamilial systemic amyloidosis. Clusters of patients have been reported predominantly from Portugal, Japan and Sweden. The present study examines the involvement of the heart in individuals with the Swedish variety of FAP. During long-term ECG recording in 16 patients, a high frequency of disturbances of sinus node function and atrioventricular conduction were observed. Long-term ECG may help considerably in the evaluation of symptoms attributable to disturbances of heart rhythm in FAP. A retrospective survey of 20 patients with FAP treated with a pacemaker showed that the indication for pacing was advanced atrioventricular block (12 cases), dysfunction of the sinus node (5 cases), and atrial fibrillation with a slow ventricular response (3 cases). All patients experienced the effective relief of symptoms attributable to a slow ventricular rate. The long-term prognosis, however, seemed unaffected by this treatment. Histopathological examination of the sinoatrial (9 cases) and atrioventricular (6 cases) parts of the conduction system showed marked amyloid infiltration in all cases, which may explain the high occurrence of disturbances of cardiac rhythm and conduction. Twelve patients were examined by two-dimensional echocardiography and changes of varying degrees, such as highly refractile myocardial echoes (12 cases) and thickened ventricular walls (8 cases) and valves (7 cases), could be observed. Technetium-99m-pyrophosphate scintigraphy of the same patients revealed abnormal myocardial uptake of the isotope only in four. Echocardiography thus seems to be superior to scintigraphy for non-invasive detection of cardiac involvement in FAP. Myocardial samples from regions producing highly refractile myocardial echoes were obtained at in vitro échocardiographie examination of hearts from FAP autopsy cases. Histological examination showed that the highly refractile echoes corresponded to more or less sharply delineated nodules, containing amyloid and collagen in various amounts. 
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  • Agardh, Carl-David, et al. (författare)
  • Hypoglycemic brain injury: metabolic and structural findings in rat cerebellar cortex during profound insulin-induced hypoglycemia and in the recovery period following glucose administration
  • 1981
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. - 1559-7016. ; 1:1, s. 71-84
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Previous results have shown that severe, prolonged hypoglycemia leads to neuronal cell damage in, among other structures, the cerebral cortex and the hippocampus but not the cerebellum. In order to study whether or not this sparing of cerebellar cells is due to preservation of cerebellar energy stores, hypoglycemia of sufficient severity to abolish spontaneous EEG activity was induced for 30 and 60 min. At the end of these periods of hypoglycemia, as well as after a 30 min recovery period, cerebellar tissue was sampled for biochemical analyses or for histopathological analyses or for histopathological analyses by means of light and electron microscopy. After 30 min of hypoglycemia. the cerebellar energy state, defined in terms of the phosphocreatine, ATP, ADP, and AMP concentrations, was better preserved than in the cerebral cortex. After 60 min, gross deterioration of cerebellar energy state was observed in the majority of animals, and analyses of carbohydrate metabolites and amino acids demonstrated extensive consumption of endogenous substrates. In spite of this metabolic disturbance, histopathologic alterations were surprisingly discrete. After 30 min, no clear structural changes were observed. After 60 min, only small neurons in the molecular layer (basket cells) were affected, while Purkinje cells and granule cells showed few signs of damage. The results support our previous conclusion that the pathogenesis of cell damage in hypoglycemia is different from that in hypoxia-ischemia and indicate that other mechanisms than energy failure must contribute to neuronal cell damage in the brain.
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  • Agardh, Carl-David, et al. (författare)
  • Neurophysiological recovery after hypoglycemic coma in the rat: correlation with cerebral metabolism
  • 1983
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism. - 1559-7016. ; 3:1, s. 78-85
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Recovery of electroencephalographic activity and somatosensory evoked responses was studied in paralyzed and lightly anesthetized (70% N2O) rats in which profound hypoglycemia had been induced by insulin administration. The duration of severe hypoglycemia was defined as the duration of a flat electroencephalogram (EEG) recording (5, 30, and 60 min, respectively) before restitution with glucose. The restitution period was followed by continuous EEG monitoring and repeated tests for evoked potentials. After 180 min of recovery, the brains were frozen in situ with liquid nitrogen and analyzed for energy metabolism. In accordance with earlier metabolic studies from this laboratory, the recovery after 60 min of severe hypoglycemia was incomplete, with signs of permanent failure of energy metabolism. There was persistent ATP reduction proportional to the duration of the hypoglycemia. The short-term recovery of EEG and sensory evoked responses was proportional to the duration of severe hypoglycemia. The neurophysiological recovery after 5 min of severe hypoglycemia was complete. After 30 min of severe hypoglycemia, the evoked responses recovered but showed a significant prolongation of latency, compared with normal. After 60 min of severe hypoglycemia, no early evoked response and scanty EEG activity were observed. The neurophysiological observations indicate a persistent deficit of synaptic transmission in the somatosensory pathway, including the cortical projection. This can be correlated with neuropathologic changes that are particularly prominent in intermediate cortical layers, as previously shown.
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