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Träfflista för sökning "hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Lungmedicin och allergi) srt2:(1995-1999)"

Sökning: hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Klinisk medicin) hsv:(Lungmedicin och allergi) > (1995-1999)

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1.
  • Lindqvist, A, et al. (författare)
  • Artery blood pressure oscillation after active standing up: an indicator of sympathetic function in diabetic patients
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Clinical Physiology. - : Wiley. - 1365-2281 .- 0144-5979. ; 17:2, s. 159-169
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Dynamic artery blood pressure (Finapres) response to active standing up, normally consisting of initial rise, fall and recovery above the baseline (overshoot), was compared with the early steady-state artery blood pressure level to measure sympathetic vasomotor function in healthy subjects (n = 23, age 35 +/- 9 years; mean +/-SD) and in type I diabetic patients without autonomic neuropathy (AN) (group 1: n = 18, 38 +/- 13 years), with AN but no cardiovascular drugs (group 2a: n = 7, 44 +/- 11 years) and with both AN and cardiovascular drugs (group 2b: n = 10, 47 +/- 7 years). Systolic and diastolic overshoot were similar in the control (15 +/- 13/15 +/- 11 mmHg) and group 1 subjects. Systolic overshoot disappeared in 57% of patients in group 2a (-1 +/- 9 mmHg; P < 0.03), whereas artery blood pressure still overshot in diastole (8 +/- 7 mmHg; NS). Systolic overshoot disappeared in all patients in group 2b (-22 +/- 22 mmHg; P < 0.0006) and diastolic overshoot disappeared in 60% of these patients (-6 +/- 16 mmHg; P = 0.0006). Systolic early steady-state level was not lower in group 2a than in group 1 (NS), but it was impaired in group 2b (P < 0.006), in which six diabetic patients had a pathological response beyond the age-related reference values. There was a strong association between the overshoot and steady-state levels (P for chi 2 < 0.001, n = 58). Overshoot of the control subjects and patients in group 2b correlated to their respective steady-state blood pressure levels (r > or = 0.76; P < or = 0.001). In conclusion, baroreceptor reflex-dependent overshoot of the artery blood pressure after active standing up diminishes with the development of AN and it is associated with the early steady-state level of the artery blood pressure.
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2.
  • Torffvit, Ole, et al. (författare)
  • The association between diabetic nephropathy and autonomic nerve function in type 1 diabetic patients
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical & Laboratory Investigation. - 1502-7686. ; 57:2, s. 183-191
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Diabetic cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy increases the risk of deterioration in renal function and is associated with increased mortality in patients with renal failure. Type 1 diabetic patients with long diabetes duration, matched for age (38 +/- 9 years) and diabetes duration (28 +/- 8 years) were studied regarding the association between cardiovascular autonomic nerve function and different degrees of diabetic nephropathy. Eighteen patients were normo- (< 30 mg/l), six micro- (30-300 mg/l), and 13 macroalbuminuric (> 300 mg/l) based on urinary albumin concentrations in three separate morning samples. They were compared with 33 control subjects with similar age. Autonomic nerve function was evaluated by measuring the response of heart rate to deep breathing and active standing. Beat-to-beat finger artery blood pressure (Finapres) was tested during active standing. During deep breathing both change in heart rate (17 +/- 11, 9 +/- 7 and 4 +/- 3 beats/min) and ratio between expiratory and inspiratory R-R intervals (1.32 +/- 0.24, 1.14 +/- 0.15 and 1.05 +/- 0.04) decreased from normo- over micro- to macroalbuminuria (p < 0.05 vs normoalbuminuric and control subjects [17 +/- 5 beats/min and 1.28 +/- 0.10, respectively]). Similar results were obtained during active standing with respect to change in systolic arterial blood pressure (3 +/- 8, 2 +/- 13 and -6 +/- 11 mmHg; p < 0.05 vs control subjects [8 +/- 11 mmHg]). However, the response of diastolic arterial blood pressure or mean heart rate to standing up did not differ between any of the groups. The ratio of maximum to minimum R-R interval during the dynamic response of heart rate to active standing decreased with the degree of nephropathy (1.27 +/- 0.17, 1.11 +/- 0.11 and 1.05 +/- 0.06) with significantly higher values in patients with normo- compared with patients with macroalbuminuria (p < 0.05). All patients groups had significantly lower values than control subjects (1.46 +/- 0.22, p < 0.05). The overshoot of the blood pressure after an initial fall during active standing decreased with the degree of diabetic nephropathy. In conclusion, type 1 diabetic patients with long duration of diabetes have signs of cardiovascular autonomic neuropathy, the severity of which is related to the degree of nephropathy.
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3.
  • Ekelund, Ulf, et al. (författare)
  • Effects of the combined ETA and ETB receptor antagonist PD145065 on arteries, arterioles, and veins in the cat hindlimb
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology. - 1533-4023. ; 26:Suppl. 3, s. 211-213
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to describe in quantitative terms the effects of ETA and ETB receptor blockade on vascular tone (resistance) in large-bore arterial resistance vessels (> 25 microns), small arterioles (< 25 microns), and veins in the cat gastrocnemius muscle in vivo. In the muscle vascular bed, the combined ETA and ETB receptor antagonist PD145065 (1 mg/kg/min, intra-arterially) abolished the biphasic vascular responses (dilatation followed by constriction) to both ET-1 (0.4 microgram/kg/min, intra-arterially) and to the selective ETB receptor agonist IRL1620 (3.2 micrograms/kg/min, intra-arterially). In the cat femoral artery and vein in vitro, PD145065 competitively inhibited the contractile responses to both ET-1 and IRL1620. The contractile response to the latter agonist could be evoked only after long-term incubation of the vessels (37 degrees C for 5 days). These results indicate that PD145065 is a potent antagonist at both ETA and ETB receptors in vivo and in vitro. Therefore, this antagonist may prove useful for elucidating the possible physiologic and/or pathophysiologic roles of the endothelins. For example, it was shown that PD145065 had no effect on vascular tone in the resting state, indicating no role for the endothelins in the regulation of basal vascular tone in cat skeletal muscle.
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4.
  • Eriksson, Leif, et al. (författare)
  • Lung transplantation at the University of Lund 1990-1995. Analysis of the first 39 consecutive patients
  • 1998
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal. - : Informa UK Limited. - 1651-2006 .- 1401-7431. ; 32:1, s. 23-28
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Between 1990 and 1995 39 patients were lung transplanted at the University Hospital in Lund. This is a retrospective review of survival and lung function in these patients. There were 17 single-lung transplants (SLT), 21 double-lung transplants (DLT) and 1 heart-lung transplant (HLT). Seven patients died during the period, giving an overall survival of 82%. One-year survival according to Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was 87%, and 2-year survival was 83%. Vital capacity and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) 1 year after transplantation were 91% and 100% of predicted, respectively, in the DLT group and 60% and 50% in the SLT group. Bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS) developed in 11 of the 35 patients (31%) surviving more than 6 months, 2/21 in the DLT group and 8/13 in the SLT group and in the patient with HLT. The median time until detection of BOS was 11 months after the operation (range 6-18 months). Working capacity 1 year after transplantation was 60% of predicted in the DLT group and 47% of predicted in the SLT group. Ventilatory capacity was no longer function limiting. Lung transplantation today is a therapeutic option with a good medium-term survival and good functional results in selected patients with severe lung disease.
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7.
  • Salehi, S Albert, et al. (författare)
  • Insulin release transduction mechanism through acid glucan 1,4-alpha-glucosidase activation is Ca2+ regulated
  • 1998
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism. - 1522-1555. ; 274:3, s. 459-468
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • An important signal involved in glucose-stimulated insulin secretion is transduced through the action of a lysosomal acid, glucan 1,4-alpha-glucosidase. We investigated the Ca2+ dependency of this enzyme activity in relation to insulin release. In isolated islets, increased levels of extracellular Ca2+ induced a large increase in acid glucan 1,4-alpha-glucosidase activity accompanied by a similar increase in insulin release at both substimulatory and stimulatory concentrations of glucose. At low glucose the Ca2+ "inflow" blocker nifedipine unexpectedly stimulated enzyme activity without affecting insulin release. However, nifedipine suppressed 45Ca2+ outflow from perifused islets at low glucose and at Ca2+ deficiency when intracellular Ca2+ was mobilized by carbachol. This nifedipine-induced retention of Ca2+ was reflected in increased acid glucan 1,4-alpha-glucosidase activity. Adding different physiological Ca2+ concentrations or nifedipine to islet homogenates did not increase enzyme activity. Neither selective glucan 1,4-alpha-glucosidase inhibition nor the ensuing suppression of glucose-induced insulin release was overcome by a maximal Ca2+ concentration. Hence, Ca(2+)-induced changes in acid glucan 1,4-alpha-glucosidase activity were intimately coupled to similar changes in Ca(2+)-glucose-induced insulin release. Ca2+ did not affect the enzyme itself but presumably activated either glucan 1,4-alpha-glucosidase-containing organelles or closely interconnected messengers.
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8.
  • Arheden, Håkan, et al. (författare)
  • Dissociation between force and [Ca2+]i during extra systoles in guinea-pig ventricular muscle microinjected with fura-2
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: Acta Physiologica Scandinavica. - : Wiley. - 0001-6772. ; 165:1, s. 1-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Thin trabeculae were dissected from the right ventricle of guinea-pig heart and stimulated to contract isometrically at 0.5 Hz (26 degrees C). Rapid and transient changes of force were obtained by inducing three extra systoles (ES1-3) at 450-ms intervals. The two regular contractions (P1-2) following (ES1-3) were potentiated. Fura-2 salt was microinjected into the preparation to monitor intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i). Three distinct phases of [Ca2+]i were seen: (1) a rapid rising phase to about 200 nmol L(-1), (2) a slower rising phase to a peak at 400 nmol L(-1), and (3) a slow decline to about 50 nmol L(-1). During ES1, there was a discrepancy between force, which decreased, and peak [Ca2+]i, which increased to 600 nmol L(-1). It is likely that the increased [Ca2+]i during the extra systoles reflects increased sarcolemmal calcium inflow, causing post-extra-systolic potentiation. Ryanodine (1-2 microM) was added to inhibit the intracellular calcium release and thus reduce the intracellular [Ca2+]i gradients following excitation. Ryanodine inhibited phase 1 of [Ca2+]i and abolished post-extra-systolic potentiation. There was a close relationship between dF/dt and [Ca2+]i with ryanodine during control and ES1-3. It is likely that fura-2 reports a spatially averaged [Ca2+]i and that phase 1 of the signal therefore apparently underestimates activator calcium in the close vicinity of the contractile elements.
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9.
  • Axelsson, L., et al. (författare)
  • Study of the unbound nucleus 11N by elastic resonance scattering
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: Physical Review C (Nuclear Physics). - 0556-2813 .- 2469-9985 .- 2469-9993. ; 54:4, s. 1511-1514
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Resonances in the unbound nucleus 11N have been studied, using the resonance scattering reaction 10C+p. The data give evidence for three states above the 10C+p threshold with energies 1.30, 2.04, and 3.72 MeV. These states can be interpreted, in a potential-model analysis, as the ground state and the first two excited states with spin-parity 1 / 2+, 1 / 2-, and 5 / 2+ arising from the shell-model orbitals 1s1 / 2, 0p1 / 2, and 0d5 / 2. A narrow state superposed on a broad structure found at higher energy could be interpreted as the mirror state of the 3 / 2- in 11Be shifted down in energy. This shift would suggest a large radius of the potential.
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10.
  • Bajc, Marika, et al. (författare)
  • 99mTc-DMSA renal scintigraphy during kidney maturation
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Clinical Nuclear Medicine. - 0363-9762. ; 20:3, s. 211-214
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A total of 282 renal scintigrams with Tc-99m DMSA in 238 children ranging in age from 10 days to 13 years performed during a 3-year period were reviewed. The authors present 94 kidneys in 85 children in whom no sign of pathology was demonstrated clinically, either by ultrasound or intravenous urography, or by micturating urethrocystography. By exploring homogeneity or heterogeneity of tracer distribution, kidney length, and background level, the authors were able to identify a "normal" pattern of tracer distribution according to age. They found that the average kidney length was 56 mm at birth, growing 1 mm per month during the first year of life, and 4 mm per year thereafter, until puberty. Average background activity was 14% of the average kidney activity at birth which decreased to approximately 6% during the first year of life, with no further decrease thereafter.
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