Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Medicinska och farmaceutiska grundvetenskaper) hsv:(Farmaceutiska vetenskaper) srt2:(2000-2009);srt2:(2006)"

Sökning: hsv:(MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP) hsv:(Medicinska och farmaceutiska grundvetenskaper) hsv:(Farmaceutiska vetenskaper) > (2000-2009) > (2006)

Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
  • Liu, Yawei, et al. (författare)
  • Neuron-mediated generation of regulatory T cells from encephalitogenic T cells suppresses EAE.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Nature Medicine. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1546-170X .- 1078-8956. ; 12:5, s. 518-525
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neurons have been neglected as cells with a major immune-regulatory function because they do not express major histocompatibility complex class II. Our data show that neurons are highly immune regulatory, having a crucial role in governing T-cell response and central nervous system (CNS) inflammation. Neurons induce the proliferation of activated CD4+ T cells through B7-CD28 and transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1–TGF-beta receptor signaling pathways, resulting in amplification of T-cell receptor signaling through phosphorylated ZAP-70, interleukin (IL)-2 and IL-9. The interaction between neurons and T cells results in the conversion of encephalitogenic T cells to CD25+TGF-beta1+CTLA-4+FoxP3+ T regulatory (Treg) cells that suppress encephalitogenic T cells and inhibit experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Suppression is dependent on cytotoxic T lymphocyte antigen (CTLA)-4 but not TGF-beta1. Autocrine action of TGF-beta1, however, is important for the proliferative arrest of Treg cells. Blocking the B7 and TGF-beta pathways prevents the CNS-specific generation of Treg cells. These findings show that generation of neuron-dependent Treg cells in the CNS is instrumental in regulating CNS inflammation.
  • Magnusson, Marie, et al. (författare)
  • A placebo-controlled study of retinal blood flow changes by pentoxifylline and metabolites in humans
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology. - : Wiley. - 0306-5251 .- 1365-2125. ; 61:2, s. 138-147
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIM: To investigate the possible effects of pentoxifylline metabolites on retinal blood flow in humans. METHODS: A randomized, placebo-controlled, four-period cross-over study that was observer blinded and partly blinded for the eight participants. On one occasion a placebo was given as an intravenous (i.v.) infusion over 100 min. On the other three occasions pentoxifylline was administered as i.v. infusions over 100 min at a rate of 3 mg min(-1). Before two of the pentoxifylline infusions the subjects were pretreated with either ciprofloxacin or rifampicin. Retinal blood flow was measured by scanning laser doppler flowmetry (SLDF) in a selected area of the central temporal retina before, during and until 5 h after the end of infusion. Blood samples for concentration analyses of pentoxifyllin, R-M1, S-M1, M4 and M5 were taken serially and areas under the curves (AUCs) were calculated. Linear mixed models were used for the statistical analyses. RESULTS: Mean AUCs (ng h ml(-1)) were significantly increased for pentoxifylline (1964 vs. 1453) and S-M1 (5804 vs. 4227), but not R-M1 when pentoxifylline was co-administered with ciprofloxacin. The mean AUC for M5 was significantly reduced when subjects were pretreated with rifampicin (2041 vs. 3080). Pentoxifylline with and without pretreatment with rifampicin significantly increased retinal blood flow assessed as mean flow, pulsation (i.e. 1-systole/diastole), and diastolic flow (but not during systole), compared with placebo. The increases over placebo were more pronounced on diastolic flow, 9.7% (95% confidence interval 4.2, 15.5) than on mean flow, 4.6% (1.1, 8.3) after pentoxifylline administration. With pentoxifylline after rifampicin pretreatment the corresponding differences were 11.7% (5.8, 17.9) and 5.1% (1.4, 7.8) over placebo, respectively. After co-administration of pentoxifylline and ciprofloxacin we saw only a nonsignificant trend towards increased flow during diastole, but a significant decrease in pulsation. When AUCs for pentoxifylline and its metabolites were used as regressor variables to retinal mean flow we found that pentoxifylline, R-M1 and M5 had coefficients with a positive sign indicating that they enhanced the retinal blood flow. In contrast, S-M1 and M4 had coefficients with negative sign and thus appeared to decrease the blood flow in subjects treated with pentoxifylline. CONCLUSION: The R-M1 and M5 metabolites of pentoxifylline contributed significantly to the effects of pentoxifylline on retinal blood flow.
  • van West, Dirk, et al. (författare)
  • Glucocorticoid receptor gene-based SNP analysis in patients with recurrent major depression
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Neuropsychopharmacology. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 0893-133X .- 1740-634X. ; 31:3, s. 620-627
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, one of the stress-response systems, is one of the key neurobiological features of major depression (MDD). Data supporting the notion that glucocorticoid-mediated feedback inhibition is impaired in MDD come from a multitude of studies demonstrating nonsuppression of cortisol secretion following administration of the synthetic glucocorticoid dexamethasone. We examined whether genetic variations in the glucocorticoid receptor gene (Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 3, Group C, Member 1; NR3C1) could be associated with increased susceptibility for MDD using a whole gene-based association analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Four SNPs were identified in NR3C1 and genotyped in two well-diagnosed samples of patients with MDD ascertained in Belgium and northern Sweden, and matched control samples. In total, 314 MDD patients and 354 control individuals were included in the study. In the Belgian sample, we observed significant allele (p=0.02) and genotype (p=0.02) association with an SNP in the promoter region (NR3C1-1); in the Swedish sample, we observed significant allele (p=0.02) and genotype (p=0.02) association with the R23K SNP. The haplotype association studies showed modest evidence for an involvement of the 5' region of the NR3C1 gene in the genetic vulnerability for MDD. This study suggests that polymorphisms in the 5' region of the NR3C1 gene may play a role in the genetic vulnerability for MDD.
  • Sjöberg, Rickard L, et al. (författare)
  • Development of depression: sex and the interaction between environment and a promoter polymorphism of the serotonin transporter gene
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology. - Uppsala Univ, Cent Hosp Vasteras, Clin Res Ctr, S-72189 Vasteras, Sweden. Univ Uppsala, Pharmacol Unit, Dept Neurosci, Uppsala, Sweden. : CAMBRIDGE UNIV PRESS. - 1461-1457 .- 1469-5111. ; 9:4, s. 443-449
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Previous research has demonstrated that a polymorphism in the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) and adverse psychosocial circumstances interact to predict depression. The purpose of the present study was to explore the extent to which sex modulates these effects. Eighty-one boys and 119 girls (16-19 years old) were interviewed about psychosocial background variables and genotyped for the 5-HTT promoter polymorphism. There were two main results. First, boys and girls carrying the short 5-HTTLPR allele react to different kinds of environmental factors. Whereas males were affected by living in public housing rather than in own owned homes and by living with separated parents, females were affected by traumatic conflicts within the family. Second, the responses of males and females carrying the short 5-HTTLPR allele to environmental stress factors go in opposite directions. Thus, whereas females tend to develop depressive symptoms, males seem to be protected from depression. The results suggest that both the molecular and the psychosocial mechanisms underlying depression may differ between boys and girls.
  • Löfmark, Sonja, et al. (författare)
  • Clindamycin-induced enrichment and long-term persistence of resistant Bacteroides spp. and resistance genes
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy. - : Oxford University Press (OUP). - 0305-7453 .- 1460-2091. ; 58:6, s. 1160-1167
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: The aim was to study the long-term consequences of 1 week clindamycin administration regarding selection and persistence of resistance, resistance determinants and diversity of the Bacteroides spp. in the intestinal microflora. Methods: A total of 1306 Bacteroides isolates were collected from constitutively cultured faecal samples during a 2 year period from eight healthy volunteers. The strains were identified by biochemical and genotyping methods. MIC values were determined by the agar dilution method and presence of resistance genes was screened by real-time PCR. Results: Ecological changes in the intestinal microflora persisting up to 24 months were recorded after a 7 day clindamycin administration to four healthy volunteers. Compared to a control group, not exposed to clindamycin, an enrichment and stabilization of resistant Bacteroides strains and resistance determinants were discovered up to 2 years after clindamycin exposure. Conclusions: The results indicate that even a short-term antibiotic administration can cause long-term alterations in the commensal microbiota of individual subjects, detectable 2 years after dosing. The recorded selection and persistence of resistant strains and resistance genes, illustrates the importance of increasing our knowledge of the role of the abundant intestinal microbial community as a reservoir for spread of resistance.
  • Adomas, Aleksandra, et al. (författare)
  • Identification and analysis of differentially expressed cDNAs during nonself-competitive interaction between Phlebiopsis gigantea and Heterobasidion parviporum
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: FEMS Microbiology Ecology. - : Blackwell Publishing. - 0168-6496 .- 1574-6941. ; 57:1, s. 26-39
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The molecular factors regulating interspecific interaction between the saprotrophic biocontrol fungus Phlebiopsis gigantea and the conifer pathogen Heterobasidion parviporum were investigated. We constructed cDNA libraries and used expressed sequence tag analysis for the identification and characterization of genes expressed during the self and nonself-hyphal interaction. cDNA clones from either the pathogen or biocontrol agent were arrayed on nylon membrane filters and differentially screened with cDNA probes made from mycelia forming the barrage zone during nonself-interactions, mycelia growing outside the barrage zones or monocultures. BlastX analysis of the differentially expressed clones led to the identification of genes with diverse functions, including those with potential as virulence factors, such as hydrophobins. Because of the high sequence conservation (r2 = 0.81) between P. gigantea and H. parviporum, a selected number of genes from either fungus were used to monitor the expression profile under varying interaction conditions by virtual northern blot. The results are discussed with respect to the potential role of the induced genes during the nonself-competitive interaction for space and nutrients between P. gigantea and H. parviporum.
  • Alm, Henrik, et al. (författare)
  • Proteomic evaluation of neonatal exposure to 2,2,4,4,5-pentabromodiphenyl ether
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Journal of Environmental Health Perspectives. - : Environmental Health Perspectives. - 0091-6765 .- 1552-9924. ; 114:2, s. 254-259
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Exposure to the brominated flame retardant 2,2 ,4,4 ,5-pentabromodiphenyl ether (PBDE-99) during the brain growth spurt disrupts normal brain development in mice and results in disturbed spontaneous behavior in adulthood. The neurodevelopmental toxicity of PBDE-99 has been reported to affect the cholinergic and catecholaminergic systems. In this study we use a proteomics approach to study the early effect of PBDE-99 in two distinct regions of the neonatal mouse brain, the striatum and the hippocampus. A single oral dose of PBDE-99 (12 mg/kg body weight) or vehicle was administered to male NMRI mice on neonatal day 10, and the striatum and the hippocampus were isolated. Using two-dimensional fluorescence difference gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE), we found 40 and 56 protein spots with significantly (p < 0.01) altered levels in the striatum and the hippocampus, respectively. We used matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-ToF-MS) to determine the protein identity of 11 spots from the striatum and 10 from the hippocampus. We found that the levels of proteins involved in neurodegeneration and neuroplasticity (e.g., Gap-43/neuromodulin, stathmin) were typically altered in the striatum, and proteins involved in metabolism and energy production [e.g., alpha-enolase; gamma-enolase; ATP synthase, H+ transporting, mitochondrial F1 complex, beta subunit (Atp5b); and alpha-synuclein] were typically altered in the hippocampus. Interestingly, many of the identified proteins have been linked to protein kinase C signaling. In conclusion, we identify responses to early exposure to PBDE-99 that could contribute to persistent neurotoxic effects. This study also shows the usefulness of proteomics to identify potential biomarkers of developmental neurotoxicity of organohalogen compounds.
  • Axén, Andreas, et al. (författare)
  • Cyclic insulin-regulated aminopeptidase (IRAP)/AT(4) receptor ligands
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Journal of Peptide Science. - : Wiley. - 1075-2617 .- 1099-1387. ; 12:11, s. 705-713
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The angiotensin IV receptor (AT(4) receptor) is the insulin-regulated aminopeptidase enzyme (IRAP, EC This membrane-spanning enzyme belongs to the M1 family of zinc-dependent metallo-peptidases. It has been proposed that AT4 receptor ligands exert their physiological effects by binding to the active site of IRAP and thereby inhibiting the catalytic activity of the enzyme. The biological activity of a large series of linear angiotensin IV analogs was previously disclosed. Herein, the synthesis and biological evaluation of a series of angiotensin IV analogs, encompassing macrocyclic ring systems of different sizes, are presented. It is demonstrated that disulfide cyclizations of angiotensin IV can deliver ligands with high IRAP/AT4 receptor affinity. One ligand, with an 11-membered ring system (4), inhibited human IRAP and aminopeptidase N (AP-N) activity with similar potency as angiotensin IV but was considerably more stable than angiotensin IV toward enzymatic degradation. The compound provides a promising starting point for further optimization toward more drug-like derivatives. The cyclic constrained analogs allowed us to propose a tentative bioactive conformation of angiotensin IV and it seems that the peptide adopts an inverse gamma-turn at the C-terminal.
  • Azarbayjani, Faranak, et al. (författare)
  • Increased susceptibility to phenytoin teratogenicity : Excessive generation of reactive oxygen species or impaired antioxidant defense?
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology. - : Wiley. - 1742-7835 .- 1742-7843. ; 99:4, s. 305-311
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Phenytoin is a human and animal teratogen. Accumulating evidence suggests that the teratogenicity is associated with a potential of phenytoin to cause embryonic cardiac arrhythmia and resultant generation of toxic reactive oxygen species via hypoxia-reoxygenation mechanisms. The A/J mouse is more susceptible to phenytoin teratogenicity than other mouse strains. The aim of this study was to investigate whether A/J mice have other antioxidant enzyme activities than C57BL/6J and CD-1 mice. Also, strain differences in phenytoin effects on embryonic heart rate and rhythm were determined. Another objective was to determine whether a spin trapping agent with capacity to capture reactive oxygen species alter the developmental toxicity of phenytoin. Treatment with this agent resulted in a marked decrease in phenytoin teratogenicity, which supports the idea that reactive oxygen species are important mediators for the teratogenic action of phenytoin. The A/J mice embryos were most susceptible to the adverse cardiac effects of phenytoin and had the highest activity of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase, while the activity of catalase was the same in embryos of the three different strains. The high activities of antioxidant enzymes in the A/J stain indicate that the sensitivity to develop malformations is caused by excessive arrhythmia-related generation of reactive oxygen species rather than impaired antioxidant defense.
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
Typ av publikation
tidskriftsartikel (88)
forskningsöversikt (3)
doktorsavhandling (2)
Typ av innehåll
refereegranskat (88)
övrigt vetenskapligt (5)
Hammarlund-Udenaes, ... (9)
Wikberg, Jarl E. S. (6)
Björkman, Sven (5)
Karlsson, Mats O. (4)
Nyberg, Fred (4)
Hallberg, Anders (4)
visa fler...
Långström, Bengt (4)
Syvänen, Stina (4)
Petrovska, Ramona (4)
Larhed, Mats (3)
Karlsson, Mats (3)
Kultima, Kim (3)
Karlén, Anders (3)
Bohlin, Lars (3)
Strömme, Maria (3)
Scholz, Birger (3)
Norlin, Maria (3)
Lindeberg, Gunnar (3)
Bergström, Mats (3)
Blomquist, Gunnar (3)
Prusis, Peteris (3)
Boström, Emma (2)
Rosenström, Ulrika (2)
Göransson, Ulf (2)
Lennernäs, Hans (2)
Schiöth, Helgi B. (2)
Nylander, Ingrid (2)
Alderborn, Göran (2)
Oreland, Lars (2)
Samuelsson, Bertil (2)
Wallberg, Hans (2)
Nilsson, Martin (2)
Roth, Bodil (2)
Artursson, Per (2)
Cars, Otto (2)
Jonsson, Per R., 195 ... (2)
Andrén, Per E. (2)
Alm, Henrik (2)
Dencker, Lennart (2)
Stigson, Michael (2)
Roman, Erika (2)
Botros, Milad (2)
Simonsson, Ulrika S. ... (2)
Mihranyan, Albert (2)
Gråsjö, Johan (2)
Dahlström, Mia (2)
Sandström, Marie (2)
Yahorava, Sviatlana (2)
Gupta, Anubha (2)
Chatelain, Pierre (2)
visa färre...
Uppsala universitet (85)
Lunds universitet (7)
Karolinska Institutet (7)
Umeå universitet (4)
Göteborgs universitet (3)
Linnéuniversitetet (2)
visa fler...
Luleå tekniska universitet (1)
Örebro universitet (1)
Linköpings universitet (1)
Södertörns högskola (1)
Chalmers tekniska högskola (1)
Högskolan i Halmstad (1)
visa färre...
Engelska (91)
Danska (1)
Nederländska (1)
Forskningsämne (UKÄ/SCB)
Medicin och hälsovetenskap (93)
Naturvetenskap (6)

Kungliga biblioteket hanterar dina personuppgifter i enlighet med EU:s dataskyddsförordning (2018), GDPR. Läs mer om hur det funkar här.
Så här hanterar KB dina uppgifter vid användning av denna tjänst.

pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy