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Sökning: WFRF:(Mannervik Bengt) > (1990-1999)

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  • Sundberg, Kathrin, et al. (författare)
  • Differences in the catalytic efficiencies of allelic variants of glutathione transferase P1-1 towards carcinogenic diol epoxides of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
  • 1998
  • Ingår i: Carcinogenesis. - 0143-3334 .- 1460-2180. ; 19:3, s. 433-436
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Previous studies have identified allelic variants of the human glutathione transferase (GST) Pi gene and showed that the two different encoded proteins with isoleucine (GSTP1-1/I-105) or valine (GSTP1-1/V-105) at position 105, respectively, differ significantly in their catalytic activities with model substrates. Moreover, recent epidemiological studies have demonstrated that individuals differing in the expression of these allelic variants also differ in susceptibility to tumour formation in certain organs, including such in which polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) may be etiological factors. In the present study the catalytic efficiencies (kcat/Km) of these GSTP1-1 variants were determined with a number of stereoisomeric bay-region diol epoxides, known as the ultimate mutagenic and carcinogenic metabolites of PAH, including those from chrysene, benzo[a]pyrene and dibenz[a,h]anthracene. In addition, GSTP1-1 mutants in which amino residue 105 is alanine (GSTP1-1/A-105) or tryptophan (GSTP1-1/W-105) have been constructed and characterized. GSTP1-1/V-105 was found to be more active than GSTP1-1/I-105 in conjugation reactions with the bulky diol epoxides of PAH, being up to 3-fold as active towards the anti- and syn-diol epoxide enantiomers with R-absolute configuration at the benzylic oxiranyl carbon. Comparing the four enzyme variants, GSTP1-1/A-105 generally demonstrated the highest kcat/Km value and GSTP1-1/W-105 the lowest with the anti-diol epoxides. A close correlation was observed between the volume occupied by the amino acid residue at position 105 and the value of kcat/Km. With the syn-diol epoxides, such a correlation was observed with alanine, valine and isoleucine, whereas tryptophan was associated with increased kcat/Km values. The mutational replacement of isoleucine with alanine or tryptophan at position 105 did not alter the enantio selectivity of the GSTP1-1 variants compared with the naturally occurring allelic variants GSTP1-1/I-105 and GSTP1-1/V-105. Since the amino acid at position 105 forms part of the substrate binding site (H-site) the effect of increasing bulkiness is expected to cause restricted access of the diol epoxide and proper alignment of the two reactants for efficient glutathionylation. In conclusion, the present study indicates that individuals who are homozygous for the allele GSTP1* B (coding for GSTP1-1/V-105) display a higher susceptibility to malignancy because of other factors than a decreased catalytic efficiency of GSTP1-1/V-105 in the detoxication of carcinogenic diol epoxides of benzo[a]pyrene or structurally related PAH.
  • Castro, Victor M, et al. (författare)
  • Differences among human tumor cell lines in the expression of glutathione transferases and other glutathione-linked enzymes
  • 1990
  • Ingår i: Carcinogenesis. - : Oxford University Press. - 0143-3334 .- 1460-2180. ; 11:9, s. 1569-1576
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A large number of human tumor cell lines of various origins have been investigated with respect to expression of glutathione-linked enzymes in the cytosol fraction. The amounts of the different enzymes were estimated by use of activity measurements and by silver staining or immunoblot analysis after electrophoresis of cytosol fractions purified by affinity chromatography on S-hexylglutathione Sepharose. Class Pi glutathione transferase was the most abundant enzyme in most tumor cells; the cell lines HepG2 and Raji were exceptions in not expressing significant amounts of this enzyme. HepG2 cells derive from hepatocytes, which normally do not express the class Pi enzyme, whereas Raji cells originate from B-lymphocytes, which normally do express a class Pi glutathione transferase. The highest level of the class Pi transferase, in terms of protein reacting with antibodies as well as enzyme activity, was noted in the colon carcinoma cell line LS174T. Hu549Pat cells, EBV-transformed B-lymphocytes, also expressed high levels of a protein reacting with antibodies specific for class Pi glutathione transferases, but did not display any significant activity with ethacrynic acid, a substrate characteristic for this class. Class Alpha and class Mu glutathione transferases, in cell lines expressing these isoenzymes, were present in significantly lower concentrations than the class Pi enzyme. Most of the tumor cells contained a class Alpha transferase composed of 27.5 kd subunits, which has the physicochemical and immunological properties of the most basic glutathione transferase found in human skin. In several cell lines, a protein was detected with an apparent subunit Mr value of 30 kd that was tentatively identified as an additional class Alpha glutathione transferase not previously described. In addition, other glutathione-linked enzyme activities, namely glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase and glyoxalase I, were assayed with specific substrates in the cytosolic fraction of the tumor cells; glyoxalase I could also be estimated semiquantitatively by silver staining of SDS-PAGE cells after affinity chromatography. Like the glutathione transferases, these enzymes displayed distinctly different levels of expression in the various cell lines. Thus, virtually every cell line was found to have a unique pattern of glutathione-linked enzymes, suggesting that the resistance phenotypes of the cells differ accordingly.
  • Chaga, Grigoriy, et al. (författare)
  • Engineering of a metal coordinating site into human glutathione transferase M1-1 based on immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography of homologous rat enzymes
  • 1994
  • Ingår i: Protein Engineering. - 0269-2139 .- 1460-213X. ; 7:9, s. 1115-1119
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Rat glutathione transferase (GST) 3-3 binds to Ni(II)-iminodiacetic acid (IDA)-agarose, whereas other GSTs that are abundant in rat liver do not bind to this immobilized metal ion affinity chromatography (IMAC) adsorbent. Rat GST 3-3 contains two superficially located amino acid residues, His84 and His85, that are suitably positioned for coordination to Ni(II)-IDA-agarose. This particular structural motif is lacking in GSTs that do not bind to the IMAC matrix. Creation of an equivalent His-His structure in the homologous human GST M1-1 by protein engineering afforded a mutant enzyme that displays affinity for Ni(II)-IDA-agarose, in contrast to the wild-type GST M1-1. The results identify a distinct site that is operational in IMAC and suggest an approach to the rational design of novel integral metal coordination sites in proteins.
  • Danielson, U. Helena, et al. (författare)
  • Probing the kinetic mechanism and coenzyme specificity of glutathione reductase from the cyanobacterium Anabaena PCC 7120 by redesign of the pyridine-nucleotide-binding site
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: Biochemistry. - 0006-2960 .- 1520-4995. ; 38:29, s. 9254-9263
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Glutathione reductase from the cyanobacterium Anabaena PCC 7120 contains a pyridine-nucleotide-binding motif differing from that of the enzyme from other sources and an insertion of 10 amino acid residues. Homology modeling was used to obtain a model of the enzyme structure. It revealed that in the Anabaena enzyme Lys(203) replaces Arg, found to interact with the 2'-phosphate of NADP(H) in the enzyme from other sources, and that it has an extra loop near the entrance of the pyridine-nucleotide-binding site. The steady-state and preequilibrium kinetic properties were characterized for the wild-type enzyme, a K203R, and a loop deletion mutant. All enzyme forms had higher catalytic efficiency with NADPH than with NADH, although the difference was less than for glutathione reductase from other sources. The specificity was most pronounced in the formation of the charge-transfer complex between the pyridine nucleotide and oxidized enzyme-bound FAD, as compared to later steps in the reaction. Unexpectedly, by replacing Lys(203) with Arg, the specificity for NADPH was diminished in the complete redox reaction. Ser(174) appears to interact with the 2'-phosphate of NADPH and introduction of arginine instead of lysine, therefore, has little effect on the interaction with this coenzyme. However, the efficiency in forming the charge-transfer complex between the pyridine nucleotide and oxidized enzyme-bound FAD was increased in the K203R mutant using NADPH but not with NADH. The lack of affinity toward 2',5'-ADP-Sepharose by the wild-type enzyme was not changed by replacing Lys(203) with Arg but deletion of the loop resulted in an enzyme that bound to the immobilized ligand. Removal of the loop increased the efficiency of the enzyme in the reductive half-reaction with both pyridine-nucleotides as well as in the overall catalytic mechanism.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 32
  • [1]234Nästa

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