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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Rönnblom Lars) ;srt2:(2000-2004)"

Sökning: WFRF:(Rönnblom Lars) > (2000-2004)

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1.
  • Blomberg, Stina, et al. (författare)
  • Anti-SSA/Ro antibody determination by enzyme-linked immunosorbent a supplement to standard immunofluorescence in antinuclear antibody screening
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Immunology. - : Wiley. - 0300-9475 .- 1365-3083. ; 51:6, s. 612-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency and possible clinical relevance of SSA/Ro antibodies, as determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), in patient sera not exhibiting a concomitant positive reaction by the standard immunofluorescence (IF) test using HEP-2 cells as substrate. SSA/Ro reactivity, as shown by ELISA, was found in 285 (7%) of 4025 serum samples consecutively remitted for antinuclear antibody (ANA) screening. Seventy-five of these serum samples (26%), derived from 64 patients, were negative by the IF-ANA screening test. Serum samples from all 64 patients exhibiting SSA/Ro reactivity by ELISA without concomitant positivity by IF-ANA were further investigated by IF using transfected HEP-2 cells hyperexpressing the 60,000 MW SSA/Ro antigen (HEP-2000(R)) and by immunodiffusion (ID) and Western blot. In 55 of these 64 patients, SSA/Ro reactivity could be verified by one or more of the other techniques investigated. Twelve of these patients fulfilled four or more American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and another five patients exhibited a histologically confirmed cutaneous lupus erythematosus (LE). In four of the 12 IF-ANA-negative patients with a diagnosis of SLE, the SSA/Ro reactivity was only detectable by ELISA and Western blot. In conclusion, the use of a sensitive ELISA assay could provide a clinically important supplement to the routine ANA screening by IF, which does not detect certain anti-SSA/Ro-containing sera among patients with relevant autoimmune diagnoses. Detection of anti-SSA/Ro antibodies, however, does not alone signify cutaneous LE or SLE but adds weight to these diagnoses that should rely heavily on other clinical information.
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2.
  • Blomberg, Stina, et al. (författare)
  • Expression of the markers BDCA-2 and BDCA-4 and production of interferon-alpha by plasmacytoid dendritic cells in systemic lupus erythematosus
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Arthritis and Rheumatism. - : Wiley. - 0004-3591 .- 1529-0131. ; 48:9, s. 2524-32
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: To study the expression of blood dendritic cell antigen 2 (BDCA-2) and BDCA-4 molecules by plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDCs) in the blood of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and to study PDC production of interferon-alpha (IFN alpha) and its inhibition by anti-BDCA-2 and anti-BDCA-4 antibodies. METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from SLE patients (SLE PBMCs) and from healthy controls were induced to produce IFN alpha in vitro by SLE serum containing an endogenous IFN alpha-inducing factor (SLE-IIF) or by herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1). The frequencies and numbers of BDCA-2-, BDCA-3-, and BDCA-4-expressing cells were analyzed by flow cytometry, and the effects of anti-BDCA-2 and anti-BDCA-4 monoclonal antibodies (mAb) on IFN alpha production were investigated. RESULTS: IFN alpha production by SLE PBMCs induced by SLE-IIF or HSV-1 was decreased compared with that of healthy control PBMCs (P = 0.002 and P = 0.0007, respectively). The proportions of BDCA-2- and BDCA-3-expressing cells in SLE PBMCs were reduced compared with those in PBMCs from healthy controls (P = 0.01 and P = 0.004, respectively). IFN alpha producers in culture, especially among SLE PBMCs, displayed reduced BDCA-2 expression and constituted only a minority of the BDCA-2-positive cells, at least in healthy control PBMCs (median 18%). IFN alpha production by both SLE and healthy control PBMCs stimulated by SLE-IIF or HSV-1 was markedly reduced by anti-BDCA-2 mAb (median 81-98% inhibition). Anti-BDCA-4 mAb only partially inhibited SLE-IIF-induced IFN alpha production. CONCLUSION: SLE patients had a reduced number of BDCA-2-expressing PDCs, also termed natural IFN alpha-producing cells, and their IFN alpha production could be inhibited by anti-BDCA-2/4 mAb. Such mAb may be a therapeutic option for inhibiting the ongoing IFN alpha production in SLE patients.
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3.
  • Blomberg, Stina, et al. (författare)
  • Presence of cutaneous interferon-alpha producing cells in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Lupus. - : SAGE Publications. - 0961-2033 .- 1477-0962. ; 10:7, s. 484-90
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients have increased levels of interferon-alfa (IFN-alpha) in the circulation but a reduced number of functionally intact natural IFN-alpha producing cells (IPC) in peripheral blood. In search for tissue localisation of activated IPC, we investigated skin biopsies from SLE patients for the occurrence of such cells. Eleven SLE patients with inflammatory skin lesions and six healthy controls were biopsied. An immunohistochemical technique (IH) and in situ hybridisation (ISH) were used to detect intracellular IFN-alpha protein and IFN-alpha mRNA, respectively. In all 11 biopsies from SLE lesions, a high number of IPC were detected by IH. In the nonlesional SLE biopsies we could also demonstrate IPC in 10/11 patients. In 6/11 SLE patients, IFN-alpha mRNA containing cells could be detected in the specimens. A low number of IPC were detected in 1/6 healthy controls by IH, but no ISH positive cells were seen. Our results demonstrate that SLE patients have active IPC in both dermal lesions and in noninflammatory skin. A recruitment of IPC from blood to peripheral tissues may explain the low number of circulating natural IPC in SLE patients. Because the type I IFN system is involved in the SLE disease process, these results are of interest for the understanding of the pathogenesis in SLE.
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5.
  • Båve, Ullvi, et al. (författare)
  • Fc gamma RIIa is expressed on natural IFN-alpha-producing cells (plasmacytoid dendritic cells) and is required for the IFN-alpha production induced by apoptotic cells combined with lupus IgG
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Journal of Immunology. - : American Association of Immunologists. - 0022-1767 .- 1550-6606. ; 171:6, s. 3296-302
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • An ongoing production of IFN-alpha may be of etiopathogenic significance in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). It may be due to the natural IFN-producing cells (NIPC), also termed plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDC), activated by immune complexes that contain nucleic acids derived from apoptotic cells. We here examined the role of FcgammaR in the IFN-alpha production in vitro by PBMC induced by the combination of apoptotic U937 cells and autoantibody-containing IgG from SLE patients (SLE-IgG). The Fc portion of the SLE-IgG was essential to induce IFN-alpha production, because Fab fragments or F(ab')(2) were ineffective. Normal, especially heat-aggregated, IgG inhibited the IFN-alpha production, suggesting a role for FcgammaR on PBMC. Using blocking anti-FcgammaR Abs, the FcgammaRIIa,c (CD32) but not FcgammaRI or FcgammaRIII were shown to be involved in the IFN-alpha induction by apoptotic cells combined with SLE-IgG, but not by HSV or CpG DNA. In contrast, the action of all of these inducers was inhibited by the anti-FcgammaRIIa,b,c mAb AT10 or heat-aggregated IgG. Flow cytometric analysis revealed that approximately 50% of the BDCA-2-positive PBMC, i.e., NIPC/PDC, expressed low but significant levels of FcgammaRII, as did most of the actual IFN-alpha producers activated by HSV. RT-PCR applied to NIPC/PDC purified by FACS demonstrated expression of FcgammaRIIa, but not of FcgammaRIIb or FcgammaRIIc. We conclude that FcgammaRIIa on NIPC/PDC is involved in the activation of IFN-alpha production by interferogenic immune complexes, but may also mediate inhibitory signals. The FcgammaRIIa could therefore have a key function in NIPC/PDC and be a potential therapeutic target in SLE.
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6.
  • Båve, Ullvi (författare)
  • Mechanisms of Interferon-α Induction in Systemic Lupus Erythematosus
  • 2003
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt/konstnärligt)abstract
    • Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have an activated type I interferon (IFN) system with an ongoing IFN-α synthesis. This may be caused by circulating immune complexes, consisting of anti-DNA antibodies (Abs) and DNA, with IFN-α inducing capacity. Produced IFN-α may be crucial in the pathogenesis, because this cytokine can break tolerance and promote autoimmunity.In the present thesis, possible mechanisms of the IFN-α production in SLE were studied. To investigate whether IFN-α inducing material could be derived from apoptotic cells, IgG from SLE patients (SLE-IgG) were combined with apoptotic cells. This combination induced high IFN-α production in normal peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). The IFN-α induction was associated to presence of anti-RNP Abs, but not to anti-dsDNA Abs, indicating that two inducers could be active in SLE, one containing DNA and the other RNA.Apoptotic cells and SLE-IgG exclusively activated the natural interferon producing cells (NIPC) and the IFN-α response was enhanced by type I IFN and inhibited by IL-10 and TNF-α. The IFN-α induction was dependent on FcγRII, because blocking this receptor reduced IFN-α production and NIPC were found to express FcγRIIa.To further elucidate the role of different autoantibodies in the IFN-α induction, sera from patients with Sjögren´s syndrome (SS), containing autoantibodies to RNA binding proteins (SSA, SSB, RNP and/or Sm) were investigated. The combination of SS or SLE sera and apoptotic or necrotic cell material induced high IFN-α production in PBMC. RNA, but not DNA, was required for IFN-α induction, indicating that RNA and Abs to RNA-binding proteins form potent IFN-α inducing complexes.The findings in this thesis can explain central mechanisms for the activation of NIPC in SLE, and perhaps also other autoimmune diseases. This activation is mediated by interferogenic immune complexes, and modulating the NIPC activation may be a novel therapeutic approach in SLE.
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7.
  • Båve, Ullvi, et al. (författare)
  • The combination of apoptotic U937 cells and lupus IgG is a potent IF inducer
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Journal of Immunology. - 0022-1767 .- 1550-6606. ; 165:6, s. 3519-26
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Patients with active systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have signs of an ongoing IFN-alpha production, that may be of pathogenic significance in the disease. We previously showed that SLE patients have an IFN-alpha-inducing factor in blood, probably consisting of complexes containing anti-DNA Abs and immunostimulatory DNA. The DNA component could be derived from apoptotic cells, because SLE patients have been reported to have both increased apoptosis and reduced clearance of apoptotic cell material. In the present study, we therefore investigated whether apoptotic cells, together with IgG from SLE patients, could act as an IFN-alpha inducer in normal PBMC in vitro. We found that apoptotic cells of the myeloid leukemia cell line U937 as well as four other cell lines (MonoMac6, H9, Jurkat, U266) could induce IFN-alpha production in PBMC when combined with IgG from SLE patients. The IFN-alpha production by PBMC was much enhanced when PBMC were costimulated by IFN-alpha2b. The ability of IgG from different SLE patients to promote IFN-alpha induction by apoptotic U937 cells was associated with the presence of anti-ribonucleoprotein Abs, but not clearly with occurrence of anti-DNA Abs. These results suggest that apoptotic cells in the presence of autoantibodies can cause production of a clearly immunostimulatory cytokine, which is IFN-alpha. This mechanism for induction of IFN-alpha production could well be operative also in vivo, explain the IFN-alpha production seen in SLE patients, and be important in the pathogenesis of SLE.
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9.
  • Forsman, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Single-tube nested quantitative PCR : a rational and sensitive technique for detection of retroviral DNA. Application to RERV-H/HRV-5 and confirmation of its rabbit origin
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Journal of Virological Methods. - 0166-0934 .- 1879-0984. ; 111:1, s. 1-11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • It was reported earlier that a few patients suffering from non-Hodgkin's lymphoma had low amounts of DNA from the so-called fifth human exogenous retrovirus, HRV-5. A sensitive and rational method for large-scale screening for HRV-5 DNA was therefore developed. It is a single-tube nested quantitative PCR (stnQPCR), which uses two functionally isolated primer pairs and one probe target distinct from related endogenous retroviral sequences, yet encompassing known HRV-5 variation, allowing optimal use of sequence conservation. DNA from lymphoma, myeloma, and follicular dendritic cell lines was tested for HRV-5 positivity, as was DNA from whole blood of blood donors, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and systemic lupus erythematosus patients, as well as DNA from lymph node biopsies of rheumatoid arthritis patients with lymphoma. One blood donor, one systemic lupus erythematosus patient, two previously known positive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients, and one rheumatoid arthritis lymphoma patient, came out positive. They had 24, 2, 148, 480 and 30 proviral copies per microg of DNA from PBMC or lymphoma tissue, respectively. During the completion of this work it was reported that HRV-5 is a rabbit endogenous retrovirus (RERV-H), and that HRV-5 positivity was due to presence of rabbit DNA. DNA from six RERV-H/HRV-5 positive samples was therefore retested. Three also contained rabbit mitochondrial DNA. A search for HRV-5 antibodies using synthetic peptides was negative in sera from three RERV-H/HRV-5 positive individuals, as well as in 144 other sera, according with a noninfectious origin of the RERV-H/HRV-5 DNA in human samples. A search for possible sources of rabbit DNA contamination was negative. Methods for prevention of PCR contamination were strictly adhered to. Three samples from RERV-H/HRV-5 positive individuals positive at the Uppsala laboratory were retested at one or two other laboratories, and all three were positive. Two other samples, which were positive in the Riga laboratory, were tested also in London and also found positive. One non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patient was RERV-H/HRV-5 positive in four consecutive samples, showing that positivity was a property of that patient. It is concluded that the stnQPCR developed to detect and quantify minute amounts of RERV-H/HRV-5 DNA is a principle which can be applied widely and HRV-5 is a RERV-H. Its presence in a few human blood samples could not be explained.
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10.
  • Jönsen, Andreas, et al. (författare)
  • The heterogeneity of neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus isreflected in lack of association with cerebrospinal fluid cytokineprofiles
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Lupus. - : SAGE Publications. - 0961-2033 .- 1477-0962. ; 12:11, s. 846-850
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The objective was to study the occurrence of autoantibodies and cytokines in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in neuropsychiatric systemic lupus erythematosus (NPSLE). In total, 28 consecutive patients with NPSLE and 16 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients without neuropsychiatric involvement (non-NPSLE) were studied. IFN-alpha, IL-6, IL-10, soluble terminal complement complex (TCC), anti-ribosomal P protein antibodies (anti-P) and anti-cardiolipin antibodies (aCL) were measured in serum and CSF by immunoassays. Analyses of white blood cell differential count, CSF-albumin/serum-albumin ratio, IgG-index in CSF and isoelectric focusing in serum and CSF were also performed. CSF specimens from 23 healthy individuals were used as controls. IFN-alpha was elevated in the CSF of 5 of 28 NPSLE patients compared to three of 14 among the non-NPSLE patients. IL-6 was elevated in CSF in three of 26 NPSLE patients. Normal concentration of IL-10 was found in CSF in all 27 NPSLE-patients analysed. IFN-alpha in serum was elevated in 18 of 28 NPSLE patients. No distinct clinical phenotype was related to elevated cytokine concentration in serum or CSF. One patient with cerebral involvement complicated by progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy displayed a very high IFN-alpha concentration in serum. High concentration of TCC was present in CSF from only one patient with systemic vasculitis and focal cerebral symptoms. In conclusion, the results of this study suggest that the diagnostic value of serum and CSF concentrations of IFN-alpha, IL-10, IL-6 and TCC is limited in unselected neuropsychiatric SLE, probably due to the heterogeneity of NPSLE pathogenesis.
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