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Sökning: onr:"swepub:oai:DiVA.org:su-94179" > Plasma homocysteine...

Plasma homocysteine, Alzheimer and cerebrovascular pathology : a population-based autopsy study

Hooshmand, Babak (författare)
Karolinska Institutet,Stockholms universitet,Centrum för forskning om äldre och åldrande (ARC), (tills m KI)
Polvikoski, Tuomo (författare)
Kivipelto, Miia (författare)
Karolinska Institutet,Stockholms universitet,Centrum för forskning om äldre och åldrande (ARC), (tills m KI)
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Tanskanen, Maarit (författare)
Myllykangas, Liisa (författare)
Erkinjuntti, Timo (författare)
Mäkelä, Mira (författare)
Oinas, Minna (författare)
Paetau, Anders (författare)
Scheltens, Philip (författare)
van Straaten, Elizabeth C. W. (författare)
Sulkava, Raimo (författare)
Solomon, Alina (författare)
Karolinska Institutet,Stockholms universitet,Centrum för forskning om äldre och åldrande (ARC), (tills m KI)
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 (creator_code:org_t)
2013
2013
Engelska.
Ingår i: Brain. - 0006-8950 .- 1460-2156. ; 136, s. 2707-2716
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
Abstract Ämnesord
Stäng  
  • Elevated plasma total homocysteine is associated with increased risk of dementia/Alzheimer's disease, but underlying pathophysiological mechanisms are not fully understood. This study investigated possible links between baseline homocysteine, and post-mortem neuropathological and magnetic resonance imaging findings up to 10 years later in the Vantaa 85+ population including people aged epsilon 85 years. Two hundred and sixty-five individuals had homocysteine and autopsy data, of which 103 had post-mortem brain magnetic resonance imaging scans. Methenamine silver staining was used for amyloid-beta and modified Bielschowsky method for neurofibrillary tangles and neuritic plaques. Macroscopic infarcts were identified from cerebral hemispheres, brainstem and cerebellum slices. Standardized methods were used to determine microscopic infarcts, cerebral amyoloid angiopathy, and alpha-synuclein pathology. Magnetic resonance imaging was used for visual ratings of the degree of medial temporal lobe atrophy, and periventricular and deep white matter hyperintensities. Elevated baseline homocysteine was associated with increased neurofibrillary tangles count at the time of death: for the highest homocysteine quartile, odds ratio (95% confidence interval) was 2.60 (1.28-5.28). The association was observed particularly in people with dementia, in the presence of cerebral infarcts, and with longer time between the baseline homocysteine assessment and death. Also, elevated homocysteine tended to relate to amyloid-beta accumulation, but this was seen only with longer baseline-death interval: odds ratio (95% confidence interval) was 2.52 (0.88-7.19) for the highest homocysteine quartile. On post-mortem magnetic resonance imaging, for the highest homocysteine quartile odds ratio (95% confidence interval) was 3.78 (1.12-12.79) for more severe medial temporal atrophy and 4.69 (1.14-19.33) for more severe periventricular white matter hyperintensities. All associations were independent of several potential confounders, including common vascular risk factors. No relationships between homocysteine and cerebral macro- or microinfarcts, cerebral amyoloid angiopathy or alpha-synuclein pathology were detected. These results suggest that elevated homocysteine in adults aged epsilon 85 years may contribute to increased Alzheimer-type pathology, particularly neurofibrillary tangles burden. This effect seems to be more pronounced in the presence of cerebrovascular pathology. Randomized controlled trials are needed to determine the impact of homocysteine-lowering treatments on dementia-related pathology.

Ämnesord

MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Basic Medicine -- Neurosciences (hsv//eng)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Medicinska och farmaceutiska grundvetenskaper -- Neurovetenskaper (hsv//swe)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Medicinska och farmaceutiska grundvetenskaper (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Basic Medicine (hsv//eng)

Nyckelord

homocysteine
Alzheimer's disease
Alzheimer pathology
cerebrovascular pathology
elderly

Publikations- och innehållstyp

ref (ämneskategori)
art (ämneskategori)

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