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Residential air pollution does not modify the positive association between physical activity and lung function in current smokers in the ECRHS study

Fuertes, Elaine (författare)
ISGlobal, Barcelona, Spain;Univ Pompeu Fabra UPF, Barcelona, Spain;CIBER Epidemiol & Salud Publ CIBERESP, Barcelona, Spain;Imperial Coll London, Natl Heart & Lung Inst, Populat Hlth & Occupat Dis, London, England
Markevych, Iana (författare)
Ludwig Maximilians Univ Munchen, Univ Hosp, Inst & Clin Occupat Social & Environm Med, Munich, Germany;German Res Ctr Environm Hlth, Helmholtz Zentrum Munchen, Inst Epidemiol 1, Neuherberg, Germany
Jarvis, Deborah (författare)
Imperial Coll London, Natl Heart & Lung Inst, Populat Hlth & Occupat Dis, London, England;Imperial Coll London, MRC PHE Ctr Environm & Hlth, London, England
visa fler...
Vienneau, Danielle (författare)
Swiss Trop & Publ Hlth Inst, Basel, Switzerland;Univ Basel, Basel, Switzerland
de Hoogh, Kees (författare)
Swiss Trop & Publ Hlth Inst, Basel, Switzerland;Univ Basel, Basel, Switzerland
Antó, Josep Maria (författare)
ISGlobal, Barcelona, Spain;Univ Pompeu Fabra UPF, Barcelona, Spain;CIBER Epidemiol & Salud Publ CIBERESP, Barcelona, Spain
Bowatte, Gayan (författare)
Univ Melbourne, Sch Populat & Global Hlth, Ctr Epidemiol & Biostat, Allergy & Lung Hlth Unit, Melbourne, Vic, Australia
Bono, Roberto (författare)
Univ Turin, Dept Publ Hlth & Pediat, Turin, Italy
Corsico, Angelo G (författare)
IRCCS Policlin San Matteo Fdn, Div Resp Dis, Pavia, Italy;Univ Pavia, Dept Internal Med & Therapeut, Pavia, Italy
Emtner, Margareta (författare)
Uppsala universitet,Lung- allergi- och sömnforskning
Gislason, Thorarinn (författare)
Landspitali Univ Hosp Reykjavik, Dept Resp Med & Sleep, Reykjavik, Iceland
Gullón, José Antonio (författare)
Hosp San Agustin, Dept Pneumol, Aviles, Asturias, Spain
Heinrich, Joachim (författare)
Imperial Coll London, Natl Heart & Lung Inst, Populat Hlth & Occupat Dis, London, England;Ludwig Maximilians Univ Munchen, Univ Hosp, Inst & Clin Occupat Social & Environm Med, Munich, Germany
Henderson, John (författare)
Univ Bristol, Britsol Med Sch, Populat Hlth Sci, Bristol, Avon, England
Holm, Mathias (författare)
Sahlgrens Univ Hosp, Dept Occupat & Environm Med, Gothenburg, Sweden
Johannessen, Ane (författare)
Univ Bergen, Dept Global Publ Hlth & Primary Care, Bergen, Norway;Haukeland Hosp, Dept Occupat Med, Bergen, Norway
Leynaert, Bénédicte (författare)
INSERM, UMR 1152, Pathophysiol & Epidemiol Resp Dis, Paris, France;Univ Paris Diderot Paris, UMR 1152, Paris, France
Marcon, Alessandro (författare)
Univ Verona, Dept Diagnost & Publ Hlth, Unit Epidemiol & Med Stat, Verona, Italy
Marchetti, Pierpaolo (författare)
Univ Verona, Dept Diagnost & Publ Hlth, Unit Epidemiol & Med Stat, Verona, Italy
Moratalla, Jesús Martínez (författare)
Complejo Hosp Univ Albacete CHUA, Serv Neumol, Albacete, Spain;Serv Salud Castilla La Mancha SESCAM, Castilla La Mancha, Spain;Univ Castilla La Mancha, Fac Med Albacete, Albacete, Spain
Pascual, Silvia (författare)
OSI Barrualde Galdakao, Galdakao Hosp, Resp Dept, Biscay, Spain
Probst-Hensch, Nicole (författare)
Swiss Trop & Publ Hlth Inst, Basel, Switzerland;Univ Basel, Dept Publ Hlth, Basel, Switzerland
Sánchez-Ramos, José Luis (författare)
Univ Huelva, Dept Nursing, Huelva, Spain
Siroux, Valerie (författare)
UGA, Inst Adv Biosci, Team Environm Epidemiol Appl Reprod & Resp Hlth, Inserm,U1209,CNRS,UMR 5309, Grenoble, France
Sommar, Johan (författare)
Umeå universitet,Yrkes- och miljömedicin,Umea Univ, Dept Publ Hlth & Clin Med, Occupat & Environm Med, Umea, Sweden
Weyler, Joost (författare)
Univ Antwerp, Epidemiol & Social Med, Antwerp, Belgium
Kuenzli, Nino (författare)
Swiss Trop & Publ Hlth Inst, Basel, Switzerland;Univ Basel, Basel, Switzerland
Jacquemin, Bénédicte (författare)
ISGlobal, Barcelona, Spain;Univ Pompeu Fabra UPF, Barcelona, Spain;CIBER Epidemiol & Salud Publ CIBERESP, Barcelona, Spain;Inst Med Sante & Rech Med, U1168, VIMA Aging & Chron Dis Epidemiol & Publ Hlth Appr, Villejuif, France;Univ Versailles St Quentin En Yvelines, UMR S1168, Versailles, France
Garcia-Aymerich, Judith (författare)
ISGlobal, Barcelona, Spain;Univ Pompeu Fabra UPF, Barcelona, Spain;CIBER Epidemiol & Salud Publ CIBERESP, Barcelona, Spain
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 (creator_code:org_t)
Elsevier, 2018
2018
Engelska.
Ingår i: Environment International. - : Elsevier. - 0160-4120 .- 1873-6750. ; 120, s. 364-372
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
Abstract Ämnesord
Stäng  
  • BACKGROUND: Very few studies have examined whether a long-term beneficial effect of physical activity on lung function can be influenced by living in polluted urban areas.OBJECTIVE: We assessed whether annual average residential concentrations of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) and particulate matter with aerodynamic diameters < 2.5 μm (PM2.5) and <10 μm (PM10) modify the effect of physical activity on lung function among never- (N = 2801) and current (N = 1719) smokers in the multi-center European Community Respiratory Health Survey.METHODS: Associations between repeated assessments (at 27-57 and 39-67 years) of being physically active (physical activity: ≥2 times and ≥1 h per week) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) were evaluated using adjusted mixed linear regression models. Models were conducted separately for never- and current smokers and stratified by residential long-term NO2, PM2.5 mass and PM10 mass concentrations (≤75th percentile (low/medium) versus >75th percentile (high)).RESULTS: Among current smokers, physical activity and lung function were positively associated regardless of air pollution levels. Among never-smokers, physical activity was associated with lung function in areas with low/medium NO2, PM2.5 mass and PM10 mass concentrations (e.g. mean difference in FVC between active and non-active subjects was 43.0 mL (13.6, 72.5), 49.5 mL (20.1, 78.8) and 49.7 mL (18.6, 80.7), respectively), but these associations were attenuated in high air pollution areas. Only the interaction term of physical activity and PM10 mass for FEV1 among never-smokers was significant (p-value = 0.03).CONCLUSIONS: Physical activity has beneficial effects on adult lung function in current smokers, irrespective of residential air pollution levels in Western Europe. Trends among never-smokers living in high air pollution areas are less clear.

Ämnesord

MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Health Sciences -- Occupational Health and Environmental Health (hsv//eng)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Hälsovetenskaper -- Arbetsmedicin och miljömedicin (hsv//swe)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Hälsovetenskaper (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Health Sciences (hsv//eng)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Clinical Medicine -- Respiratory Medicine and Allergy (hsv//eng)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Klinisk medicin -- Lungmedicin och allergi (hsv//swe)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Klinisk medicin (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Clinical Medicine (hsv//eng)

Nyckelord

Air pollution
Cohort
Lung function
Physical activity
Smoking

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