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Sökning: onr:"swepub:oai:DiVA.org:umu-192643" > Education and Incom...

Education and Income Show Heterogeneous Relationships to Lifespan Brain and Cognitive Differences Across European and US Cohorts

Walhovd, Kristine B. (författare)
Center for Lifespan Changes in Brain and Cognition, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
Fjell, Anders M. (författare)
Center for Lifespan Changes in Brain and Cognition, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway; Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Oslo University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
Wang, Yunpeng (författare)
Center for Lifespan Changes in Brain and Cognition, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
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Amlien, Inge K. (författare)
Center for Lifespan Changes in Brain and Cognition, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
Mowinckel, Athanasia M. (författare)
Center for Lifespan Changes in Brain and Cognition, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
Lindenberger, Ulman (författare)
Center for Lifespan Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany; Max Planck UCL Centre for Computational Psychiatry and Ageing Research, Berlin D, Germany
Düzel, Sandra (författare)
Center for Lifespan Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany
Bartrés-Faz, David (författare)
Departament de Medicina, Facultat de Medicina i Ciències de la Salut, Institut de Neurociències, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Ebmeier, Klaus P. (författare)
Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Drevon, Christian A. (författare)
Vitas AS, Oslo, Norway; Department of Nutrition, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
Baaré, William F C (författare)
Danish Research Centre for Magnetic Resonance, Centre for Functional and Diagnostic Imaging and Research, Copenhagen University Hospital - Amager and Hvidovre, Copenhagen, Denmark
Ghisletta, Paolo (författare)
Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland; Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research LIVES, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland
Johansen, Louise Baruël (författare)
Danish Research Centre for Magnetic Resonance, Centre for Functional and Diagnostic Imaging and Research, Copenhagen University Hospital - Amager and Hvidovre, Copenhagen, Denmark; Center for Neuropsychiatric Schizophrenia Research and Center for Clinical Intervention and Neuropsychiatric Schizophrenia Research, Mental Health Centre Glostrup, Glostrup, Denmark
Kievit, Rogier A. (författare)
MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom; Cognitive Neuroscience Department, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behavior, Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, Netherlands
Henson, Richard N. (författare)
MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Madsen, Kathrine Skak (författare)
Danish Research Centre for Magnetic Resonance, Centre for Functional and Diagnostic Imaging and Research, Copenhagen University Hospital - Amager and Hvidovre, Copenhagen, Denmark; Radiography, Department of Technology, University College Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Nyberg, Lars, 1966- (författare)
Umeå universitet,Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI),Institutionen för integrativ medicinsk biologi (IMB),Diagnostisk radiologi,Center for Lifespan Changes in Brain and Cognition, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
R Harris, Jennifer (författare)
Division for Health Data and Digitalisation, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Oslo, Norway
Solé-Padullés, Cristina (författare)
Departament de Medicina, Facultat de Medicina i Ciències de la Salut, Institut de Neurociències, Universitat de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
Pudas, Sara, Docent, 1983- (författare)
Umeå universitet,Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI),Diagnostisk radiologi
Sørensen, Øystein (författare)
Center for Lifespan Changes in Brain and Cognition, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
Westerhausen, René (författare)
Center for Lifespan Changes in Brain and Cognition, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
Zsoldos, Enikő (författare)
Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom; Wellcome Centre for Integrative Neuroimaging, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Nawijn, Laura (författare)
Department of Psychiatry, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam 1081 HJ, Netherlands
Lyngstad, Torkild Hovde (författare)
Department of Sociology and Human Geography, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
Suri, Sana (författare)
Department of Psychiatry, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom; Wellcome Centre for Integrative Neuroimaging, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
Penninx, Brenda (författare)
Department of Psychiatry, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam 1081 HJ, Netherlands
Rogeberg, Ole J. (författare)
Frisch Centre, Oslo, Norway
Brandmaier, Andreas M. (författare)
Center for Lifespan Psychology, Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin, Germany; Max Planck UCL Centre for Computational Psychiatry and Ageing Research, Berlin D, Germany
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 (creator_code:org_t)
Oxford University Press, 2022
2022
Engelska.
Ingår i: Cerebral Cortex. - : Oxford University Press. - 1047-3211 .- 1460-2199. ; 32:4, s. 839-854
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
Abstract Ämnesord
Stäng  
  • Higher socio-economic status (SES) has been proposed to have facilitating and protective effects on brain and cognition. We ask whether relationships between SES, brain volumes and cognitive ability differ across cohorts, by age and national origin. European and US cohorts covering the lifespan were studied (4-97 years, N = 500 000; 54 000 w/brain imaging). There was substantial heterogeneity across cohorts for all associations. Education was positively related to intracranial (ICV) and total gray matter (GM) volume. Income was related to ICV, but not GM. We did not observe reliable differences in associations as a function of age. SES was more strongly related to brain and cognition in US than European cohorts. Sample representativity varies, and this study cannot identify mechanisms underlying differences in associations across cohorts. Differences in neuroanatomical volumes partially explained SES-cognition relationships. SES was more strongly related to ICV than to GM, implying that SES-cognition relations in adulthood are less likely grounded in neuroprotective effects on GM volume in aging. The relatively stronger SES-ICV associations rather are compatible with SES-brain volume relationships being established early in life, as ICV stabilizes in childhood. The findings underscore that SES has no uniform association with, or impact on, brain and cognition.

Ämnesord

MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Basic Medicine -- Neurosciences (hsv//eng)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Medicinska och farmaceutiska grundvetenskaper -- Neurovetenskaper (hsv//swe)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Medicinska och farmaceutiska grundvetenskaper (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Basic Medicine (hsv//eng)

Nyckelord

brain
cognitive function
lifespan
socioeconomic status

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