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Is fruit and vegetable intake associated with asthma or chronic rhino-sinusitis in European adults? : Results from the Global Allergy and Asthma Network of Excellence (GA(2)LEN) Survey

Garcia-Larsen, Vanessa (författare)
Imperial Coll London, Natl Heart & Lung Inst, Populat Hlth & Occupat Med Grp, London, England.;Imperial Coll London, Natl Heart & Lung Inst, Resp Epidemiol Occupat Med & Publ Hlth Grp, Emmanuel Kaye Bldg,Manresa Rd, London SW3 6LR, England.
Arthur, Rhonda (författare)
Kings Coll London, Dept Nutr, London, England.
Potts, James F. (författare)
Imperial Coll London, Natl Heart & Lung Inst, Populat Hlth & Occupat Med Grp, London, England.
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Howarth, Peter H. (författare)
Univ Southampton, Fac Med, London, England.
Ahlstrom, Matti (författare)
Helsinki Univ Hosp, Skin & Allergy Hosp, Southampton, Hants, England.
Haahtela, Tari (författare)
Helsinki Univ Hosp, Skin & Allergy Hosp, Southampton, Hants, England.
Loureiro, Carlos (författare)
Coimbra Univ Hosp, Immunoallergol Dept, Helsinki, Portugal.
Bom, Ana Todo (författare)
Coimbra Univ Hosp, Immunoallergol Dept, Helsinki, Portugal.
Brozek, Grzegorz (författare)
Med Univ Silesia, Coll Med, Dept Epidemiol, Katowice, Poland.
Makowska, Joanna (författare)
Med Univ Lodz, Dept Immunol Rheumatol & Allergy, Coimbra, Poland.
Kowalski, Marek L. (författare)
Med Univ Lodz, Dept Immunol Rheumatol & Allergy, Coimbra, Poland.
Thilsing, Trine (författare)
Univ Southern Denmark, Inst Clin Res, Res Unit Occupat & Environm Med, Coimbra, Denmark.
Keil, Thomas (författare)
Charite, Inst Social Med Epidemiol & Hlth Econ, Lodz, Germany.;Univ Wurzburg, Inst Clin Epidemiol & Biometry, Wurzburg, Germany.
Matricardi, Paolo M. (författare)
Charite, Dept Pediat, Berlin, Germany.
Torén, Kjell, 1952 (författare)
Gothenburg University,Göteborgs universitet,Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa,Institute of Medicine, School of Public Health and Community Medicine
van Zele, Thibaut (författare)
Univ Ghent, Upper Airway Res Lab, Ghent, Belgium.
Bachert, Claus (författare)
Karolinska Institutet
Rymarczyk, Barbara (författare)
Med Univ Silesia, Clin Dept Internal Dis Allergol & Clin Immunol, Katowice, Poland.
Janson, Christer (författare)
Uppsala universitet,Lungmedicin och allergologi
Forsberg, Bertil (författare)
Umeå universitet,Yrkes- och miljömedicin
Nizankowska-Mogilnicka, Ewa (författare)
Jagiellonian Univ, Sch Med, Krakow, Poland.
Burney, Peter G. J. (författare)
Imperial Coll London, Natl Heart & Lung Inst, Populat Hlth & Occupat Med Grp, London, England.
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Imperial Coll London, Natl Heart & Lung Inst, Populat Hlth & Occupat Med Grp, London, England;Imperial Coll London, Natl Heart & Lung Inst, Resp Epidemiol Occupat Med & Publ Hlth Grp, Emmanuel Kaye Bldg,Manresa Rd, London SW3 6LR, England. Kings Coll London, Dept Nutr, London, England. (creator_code:org_t)
 
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BIOMED CENTRAL LTD, 2017
2017
Engelska.
Ingår i: Clinical and Translational Allergy. - : BIOMED CENTRAL LTD. - 2045-7022 .- 2045-7022. ; 7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
Abstract Ämnesord
Stäng  
  • Background: Fruits and vegetables are rich in compounds with proposed antioxidant, anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory properties, which could contribute to reduce the prevalence of asthma and allergic diseases. Objective: We investigated the association between asthma, and chronic rhino-sinusitis (CRS) with intake of fruits and vegetables in European adults. Methods: A stratified random sample was drawn from the Global Allergy and Asthma Network of Excellence (GA(2)LEN) screening survey, in which 55,000 adults aged 15-75 answered a questionnaire on respiratory symptoms. Asthma score (derived from self-reported asthma symptoms) and CRS were the outcomes of interest. Dietary intake of 22 subgroups of fruits and vegetables was ascertained using the internationally validated GA(2)LEN Food Frequency Questionnaire. Adjusted associations were examined with negative binomial and multiple regressions. Simes procedure was used to control for multiple testing. Results: A total of 3206 individuals had valid data on asthma and dietary exposures of interest. 22.8% reported having at least 1 asthma symptom (asthma score >= 1), whilst 19.5% had CRS. After adjustment for potential confounders, asthma score was negatively associated with intake of dried fruits (beta-coefficient -2.34;95% confidence interval [CI] -4.09,-0.59), whilst CRS was statistically negatively associated with total intake of fruits (OR 0.73; 95% CI 0.55, 0.97). Conversely, a positive association was observed between asthma score and alliums vegetables (adjusted beta-coefficient 0.23; 95% CI 0.06, 0.40). None of these associations remained statistically significant after controlling for multiple testing. Conclusion and clinical relevance: There was no consistent evidence for an association of asthma or CRS with fruit and vegetable intake in this representative sample of European adults.

Ämnesord

MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Clinical Medicine -- Respiratory Medicine and Allergy (hsv//eng)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Klinisk medicin -- Lungmedicin och allergi (hsv//swe)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Klinisk medicin (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Clinical Medicine (hsv//eng)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Health Sciences -- Occupational Health and Environmental Health (hsv//eng)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Hälsovetenskaper -- Arbetsmedicin och miljömedicin (hsv//swe)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Hälsovetenskaper (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Health Sciences (hsv//eng)
MEDICIN OCH HÄLSOVETENSKAP  -- Medicinska och farmaceutiska grundvetenskaper (hsv//swe)
MEDICAL AND HEALTH SCIENCES  -- Basic Medicine (hsv//eng)

Nyckelord

Fruits
Vegetables
Asthma
Chronic rhino-sinusitis
Adults
Europe
Meta-analysis
GA(2)LEN
GA2LEN

Publikations- och innehållstyp

ref (ämneskategori)
art (ämneskategori)

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